Where Does Discrimination Stem From? An Analysis of the Psychology Behind Acts In Stereotyping and Discrimination

We can’t mention a Map of the World we hold without addressing a sore subject that we all (whether we want to admit it or not) have experienced in our journey, which is the ugly topic of stereotyping. Which let’s not confuse the two with discrimination. It is a physical act someone does when plagued with a strong sense of stereotyping. I encourage anyone who goes through an act of discrimination to stand up for themselves in the best way they can. It doesn’t mean violence (as our perception of trauma can have us see things from an unbiased point of view) and seek help if you don’t know how to handle the action or if it physically plagues you. As discrimination and stereotyping can pose a threat to our personal development. Feel what you feel in this regardless of the situation. It’s your feeling. Don’t let anyone make you think otherwise. However, the goal is to attempt to overcome this trauma in a healthy way

Me being a critical and analytical thinker and presented with the Map of the World idealism in my Life Coaching courses made me ponder the idea of where this all stems. Naturally, in my experience, I associated discrimination as a fear response in fear of the unknown. In most of these situations, the truth is when a conditioned group begins to single out a person or a group. It naturally follows with the perceived outcome of something they haven’t gathered enough facts to make an approximate guess. In many cases, it’s a triggered response due to the previous idealisms and conditioned beliefs passed down to them by influence. Think for a minute about wives’ tales and legends. They are passed down from generation to generation—having an underlying message or lesson within that story. To depict lessons that were learned by the original storyteller. However, the story and the meaning get watered down to fit someone else’s reality to influence a person or group to engage in a behavior that they feel is suitable to them. Theology has proven this fact as scholars study the ever-evolving views of religions and how it is re-written to influence their new era of followers. It doesn’t mean that they dismissed entirely science is starting to prove these depictions with rational and irrational events that science still can’t put the pieces together. One of those is the existence of extraterrestrial life forms, as it’s all over the news. The files being presented to the public call those who experienced these phenomena “crazy.” Which is the Map of the world we possess can lead us straight into the act of “denial.” My research begins, even when faced with the hard concrete facts and proves these parties always demand that. Still, in their view convince themselves that this is not the entire truth. Which made me see it’s only part of the puzzle regarding stereotyping and discrimination.

Let me first pay homage to one of my fellow bloggers in the writing community, Naru & Grace, before breaking down discrimination types. As in their blog post, they stress how social and communal influence plays a big part in stereotyping (Stereotypes, where do they come? | Stereotypes in the Media (wordpress.com) part of human nature tends to thrive in social and human interaction. It’s part of what developed within our survival instinct. In a sense, biology has proven that we are co-dependent. Co-dependency can be healthy when there is a balance. But one of the things that we begin to condition ourselves to do is break from that balance and become addicted to co-dependent behavior, which can prepare us as early as childhood in the event of a traumatic situation.

In many cases, it’s not intentional, I believe. As adults, we assume that kids don’t remember or that they can’t comprehend something that is happening. I hate to tell you that is a stereotypical action on your part. Childhood development is the stepping stone we use to begin to develop our perception of reality and beliefs. One of the things that occur in this is that people tend to gain a sense of co-dependency through their family dynamics. One of the most common things in Latino families is that family will always have your best interest at hand. Depending on the world that they are in through social settings and social media can develop the idealism that family is holding them back. It is not intentionally but by the idealisms that instill fear that has them lose sleep. What should happen if the family dynamic, broken—not seeing the reality that unfortunate events may bring and have that most vital family members lose their health or life. Which possibly could have prevented having a conversation about the worst-case scenarios that can happen. And they are developing a plan of action if this unfortunate event could happen. Where am I going with this scenario? That both family and social influences dictate the way, we see the world. Whether sharing the same belief system. Or they are resenting the outdating idealism altogether.

Let’s begin by breaking down the types of discrimination and where they come from with Wilson’s help with The 16 types of discrimination – My self Improvement (myselfimprovementtoday.com). Which there is a new one that was updated relating to political views. These are the current types of discrimination we see in our contemporary society: 


  1. Individual Discrimination: Individual discrimination is that which one individual performs to another. That is, it is when a person deals differently and negatively with another person, without there being a differentiated contextual reason.
  2. Institutional/Systematic Discrimination: This type of discrimination is characterized because it is the public or private institutions that carry out some type of discrimination based on sex, race or other reasons. Institutional discrimination is more complex than individual discrimination.

An example can be the exclusive home or a job offer that asks for the “Catalan” language, excluding those who do not speak that language despite not being a real requirement for the position to which it aspires.

3. Collective Discrimination: A type of discrimination in which a group of people is treated as inferiority. For example, discrimination against immigrants or the LGTBI collective.

4.. Structural Discrimination: It refers to the discrimination that arises from institutional policies that directly or indirectly favor some individuals and harm others. Although the policies of the institutions must be fair for all, this is not always the case.

5.. Direct Discrimination: The most well-known form of discrimination and the most visible, in which the person who suffers it receives unfair treatment from another person due to its characteristics. It is easier to detect. For example, not accepting a woman in a job just for not being a man, or marginalizing a  homosexual person for having a different body language.

6. Indirect Discrimination: It is a less visible form of discrimination and often goes unnoticed. For example, the imposition of norms or rules that seem innocuous but in practice, they are not.

7. Negative Discrimination: The person who is a victim of discrimination is treated in a discriminatory and harmful manner. For example, by not letting disabled people access to watch a football game.

8. Positive Discrimination: Positive discrimination is one in which a disadvantaged group is helped to achieve equity. For example, with a different note in a physical examination of an opposition. This type of discrimination is instrumental, that is, pursues the objective of correcting a historical grievance towards a particular group. However, it is also a source of controversy and social debate.

9. Racism: Racism is one of the most well-known forms of discrimination. It is also known as discrimination based on race or ethnicity to which the person belongs, and occurs because an individual or several belonging to one race treat with inferiority another person or persons of another race. For example, discrimination against people of color, towards Jews or towards gypsies.

10. Sexism: Also another of the most well-known forms of discrimination, in which the person who practices it undervalues people of the opposite sex. There are some theories about it. You can know them in this article: ” Sexist prejudice: explanatory theories “.

11. Maternity Discrimination: Maternity discrimination usually arises in the workplace, as it refers to treating a woman differently (either employee or job seeker) for the possibility of having children. There is a law that prohibits this type of discriminative behavior.

12. Religious Discrimination: When an individual or group of individuals receive unfair and unfavorable treatment for not practicing or sharing the religious ideas of the society in which they live.

13. Discrimination By Age: Age is the reason for discrimination. It is usually carried out, especially in work environments, where it is considered that the ideal age to work is from 25 to 45 years. Older people may be left out of the labor market and not interested in certain job offers. It is also called ‘ old age ‘, although discrimination against young people also occurs in certain contexts.

14. Discrimination Due to Illness or Disability: People can also receive unfair treatment for suffering physical or mental disability or suffering from an illness. The consequences can be both personal treatment and access to jobs, among other damages.

15. Discrimination Due to Physical Appearance: It manifests when the person receiving the discrimination is not very physically graceful. Either by not having attractive physical features or by suffering from obesity. It is known by the term ‘aspects’.

16. Transgendered Discrimination: It is the discrimination suffered by those individuals who live a gender role that does not agree with their biological sex. For example, transsexuals. This form of discrimination is also known as ‘ transphobia ‘.

17. Discrimination By Political Ideology: It occurs when an individual or group of individuals receive unfavorable treatment for not sharing political ideas with the society in which they live.

So why do people discriminate? Where there are a lot of reasons as to why this occurs and a combination of other things. In my experience facing Discrimination in Houston working for the Business Team with Sprint, Discrimination came from a fear response to the illegal behaviors I was calling out that my manager, my regional, and the director were enabling in. Being hindered in trauma, I never every act of Discrimination that was taking place. Where it started due to rumors o me being transgender, which in Transgender Discrimination triggered this whole situation, it seemed. Before this, many comments made by some parties also had me ponder Where not being transgender and having no representation of that demographic at the time. It was my first assumption based on the comments made to that community. When began the attempt to fire me due to a worker’s comp situation stems to Discrimination Due to Illness or Disability. Which the gaslighting and bandwagoning behaviors and the untrue statements that people were starting to believe was an act of Individual Discrimination.

Which comments and opinions by my physical appearance, due to the belief that I looked like a man; and nitpicking every single thing that I wore when at one point brought no concern, Discrimination Due to Physical AppearanceRacism comes into play when based on suspicion of my intention. In retaliation and the many ways that they made my job difficult in not only interactions with potential clients and the dramatic change in my position. Intentionally dodging phone calls and emails to clarify how to perform my duties with these dramatic restrictions. Indirect DiscriminationNegative DiscriminationPositive Discrimination, and Direct Discrimination. Which many of you would say, why don’t you reopen the case. But why be bind to non-disclosure as my experiences in this scenario help me get a better understanding of the world we live in and allow me to help make a difference for others going through the same thing. 

Let’s take a look at some of the reasons why people discriminate:

As you see the list, many of the things we see in these actions come to fruition. One of the most recent events we have seen regarding Discrimination By Political Ideology is the act of insurrection. Now I am not here to pass judgment and psychoanalyze the motive on the actions that committed. I am here to give insight and empathy towards those who took part in this. Do I feel they should be let off the hook? Not. Blaming someone else’s for the actions they committed is an act of dodging accountability, which is personal development. We don’t learn if we don’t face the consequences. In many cases, the truth is that it enables people to engage in more destructive and anti-social behavior within a person.

Feeling a sense of euphoric invincibility, having them process this is a negative way. I think many of us don’t find that happiness is that dodging accountability is the one thing that we are conditioned to due many of the times. Blaming others and thinking about our own best interests enables the entitlement that we start developing within ourselves—promoting the behaviors that feel like we are getting less closer to an equal world. Regardless of the Map and the perception we hold, we all felt cheated in one way, shape, or form due to the act of stereotyping and Discrimination. The bigger scheme of things makes us lose the hope and will to continue treading on, which why we engage further in this behavior if nothing seems to change. Why join a social group? Full of these idealisms as it always seems to backfire on the minority of these groups. But that isn’t a choice that I am here to make for you. It’s something that you only hold the answers to. Regardless if we don’t see things in the same light. All I can do is hope that you find the will to get past this so you can make a difference. But I hope that you continue to live again.

Published by Frieda Lopez at Frieda the Writer

Frieda López is the writer for Journey of an Unraveled Road who was born and raised in San Antonio, TX. Through her professional career in Customer Relations and Retail Management, she has utilized her experience and interactions with the behavioral patterns, which was used to start her personal journey with Journey of A Unraveled Road as her debut novel. She has completed philosophy, psychology, and theology courses at San Antonio College as well as creative writing courses. Frieda López has been a lifelong writer since 2nd grade. A survivor of childhood trauma, childhood abuse, and domestic violence, she wrote this piece, which started this book as her personal journey; works from home in San Antonio, TX.

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